Gum hyperplasia is also called gingival hyperplasia and gum enlargement. It refers to the overgrowth of gum tissue that can be caused by certain blood disorders, pregnancy, and hormone problems. The anti-seizure medication known as phenytoin is known to cause gum hyperplasia; however, other medications have also been implicated. Symptoms of gingival hyperplasia include gum inflammation and pain, increased plaque formation on the teeth, bad breath, and bleeding gums. If not treated quickly, gum hyperplasia can lead to cavities, periodontal disease, infections, and tooth loss.
Here are some general dental care interventions that can help promote the healing of your gum tissue and restore your oral health.
Anti-Inflammatory Drugs And Antibiotic Therapy
General dental care for gum hyperplasia includes taking anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce gum swelling and pain and taking antibiotics. Gingival hyperplasia can cause your gums to grow out of control. In some cases, the gum tissue can grow over and between your teeth, and when this happens, brushing and flossing can be difficult. Consequently, you may be at risk of developing dental decay and gum infections because of poor oral hygiene.
If your oral examination reveals signs of infection, your dentist will prescribe antibiotics. It is important to note, that while anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics can help improve the condition of your gums, you will need to follow up with your primary care physician to determine the cause of your gingival hyperplasia so that it can be treated.
Periodontal Deep Cleanings
In addition to getting your teeth cleaned by your hygienist on a regular basis, your dentist may need to perform a special deep cleaning treatment known as a periodontal deep cleaning. During this treatment, your dentist will scale, or clean, all the surfaces of your teeth to remove plaque and calculus. They will also deep clean the roots of your teeth. This treatment can help prevent further progression of your gum disease.
Deep cleanings may be recommended every few months to help decrease the inflammation of your gum tissue, relieve pain, promote healing, and prevent the progression of your gingival hyperplasia. While you may notice an improvement in your symptoms after only a single deep cleaning appointment, it may take months before your gum hyperplasia completely resolves.
If you have gum hyperplasia, be sure to schedule regular general dental care appointments to help promote healing and to lower your risk for periodontal disease and tooth loss. Once your gingival hyperplasia has been effectively treated, not only will you enjoy better oral health, but your overall general health may also improve.
Reach out to a general dental care clinic to learn more.Share